You probably think that oil drilling is something that started in the previous century, but that is not the case. Everything goes back to China, where Chinese were the first people that drill wells again in 2000 BC.
They used a cable tool percussion method with the idea to produce high-quality brine. A chisel on bamboo rods went down into the good cables. On the other hand, first wells were dug with percussion-of-method in Russia in the 9th century with the idea to produce common salt.
Before the development of oil rigs and offshore accommodations, people started with developing oil as the extract in small amounts during the 19th century. In most cases, people drilled it from shallow wells where they can find natural oil.
However, everything changed in the second half of the 19th century, because the demand for oil increased and components that used it also started to rise. This particular thing happened with the popularity of steam engines as well as other industrial developments that require oil as the lubricant.
The first drilling of oil took place in Baku on the Absheron peninsula in 1846, and the depth was only 21 meters. Director of Baku oil fields, Major Alekseev, was the supervisor of the entire operation, and the process used the percussion method.
According to Prince Mikhail Vorontsov, the completion of first oil well digging was successful, and that was a precedent that changed the way world functions.
The Next Steps Towards Massive Production
The beginning of American oil production industry started in 1859, and there were 75 wells in Oil Creek river valley by 1860. They produced 500 thousand barrels of oil at the end of the year, which brought both financial and production success when compared with the entire world.
Soon afterward, Russia joins …» Read more